United Kingdom

From Dominion of British Columbia
United Kingdom of
Great Britain and Northern Ireland
Coat of Arms
Anthem "God Save the King"
Capital London
Largest city London
Official languages English
Government Unitary parliamentary
constitutional monarchy
Monarch Charles III
Prime Minister Penny Mordaunt
Legislature Parliament
Upper House House of Lords
Lower House House of Commons
Laws in Wales Acts 1535 and 1542
Union of the Crowns 24 March 1603
Treaty of Union 22 July 1706
Acts of Union
of England and Scotland
1 May 1707
Acts of Union
of Great Britain and Ireland
1 January 1801
Irish Free State Constitution Act 5 December 1922
Area 93,628 sq mi (82nd)
Population 66,358,763 (2020 census)
Currency Pound sterling (£) (GBP)
Aircraft reg. prefix G-
Driving side left
Calling code +44
Internet TLD .uk
IOC code GBR

The United Kingdom, officially the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, is a sovereign island country in Europe, off the north-western coast of the continental mainland. It comprises England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland.[18] The United Kingdom includes the island of Great Britain, the north-eastern part of the island of Ireland, and many smaller islands within the British Isles.

The United Kingdom is one of the eighteen British Commonwealth Realms and thus a member of the Commonwealth of Nations. It is also a member of the United Nations, the Asia-Pacific Treaty Organisation, and the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation.


Government and politics


Society and culture