De Havilland British Columbia

From Dominion of British Columbia

De Havilland Aircraft of British Columbia Ltd. (DHBC) was an aircraft manufacturer of British Columbia active from 1929 to 1993. Along with Supermarine British Columbia and Hoffar Aero Engines it was one of the "Big Three" of the aerospace industry of British Columbia.

History

The company was established in 1929 by the British de Havilland Aircraft Company to build aircraft for the British Columbian market, both civilian and military, and subsequently designed and produced indigenous designs as well.

During the Second World War, DHBC opened its vast plant at Abbotsford, as capacity at the original Sea Island plant had quickly become insufficient, as contracts to build several variants of the Skemcis and Sea Skemcis fighters were also given to de Havilland, to help Supermarine cope with their own production. In total, 281 Skemcis and x Sea Skemcis were built by DHBC, the latter at a new seaplane plant built on Annacis Island, New Westminster, where DHBC also undertook licence production of the Consolidated Canso for the Royal BC Navy.

Having gained extensive experience building piston-powered commercial aircraft after the war, in 1956 DHBC began production of its largest commercial airliner to that point, a 60 passenger development of the DH (UK) Heron. This paved the way for a transition to jet airliners in the form of the DHBC-7 Trident, a variant of the British Hawker Siddeley HS-121 Trident, and ultimately the DHBC-9 Kehloke.

Products

The very first DHBC aircraft, the DH.50B built for Vancouver Island Air Service (G-BCVI, c/n C1/1929) in its original livery, as preserved at the Royal BC Museum.

Civilian types

Military types

Production

See also: DHBC production list

Production of types by year

Type \ Year 1929 1930 1931 1932 1933 1934 1935 1936 1937 1938 1939 1940 1941 1942 1943 1944 1945 1946 1947 1948 1949
DH.50 Bluebird 3 5 2 4
DH.66 Hercules 4
DH.82 Tiger Moth 16 29 37 29 27 19 7
DH.84 Dragon 22 20 12
DH.86 Express 4 8
DH.89 Dragon Rapide/Dominie 10 14 14 20 13 5 4 0 2 0 0 3
DH.90 Dragonfly 9 6 1
DH.91 Albatross 3
DH.95 Flamingo 4 6 4 0 0 0 0 9 4 6
PBD Canso 18 11 12 11 6
DH.98 Mosquito 8 60 128 74 94
Skemcis (Supermarine) 25 247 9
DHBC-1 Dove 12 14 9
Total 7 5 2 4 38 49 63 51 50 48 25 29 27 72 166 327 103 12 16 20 9
Type \ Year 1950 1951 1952 1953 1954 1955 1956 1957 1958 1959 1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969
DHBC-1 Dove 11 8 6 4 9
DHBC-2 Heron 7 18 12 20 25 29 37 27 21 29 21 24 9 6
DHBC-3 Sandpiper/Victoria 19 20 4 7
DHBC-4 Skylark 2 4 13 13 17 23 24 16 3
DHBC-5 Swan 5 28 36 33 36 43 24
DHBC-6 Twin Otter 6 6 17 9
DHBC-7 Trident 3 9 21 33
Total 11 15 24 16 29 44 51 45 47 34 46 45 48 30 37 36 42 51 81 56
Type \ Year 1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993
DHBC-5 Swan 17 7 9 6
DHBC-6 Twin Otter 9 6 7 6 6 7 8 4
DHBC-7 Trident 40 57 66 64 69 66 60 45 37 54 52 40 43 41 25 25 22 15
DHBC-9 Kehloke 1 2 3 14 18 25 25 26 31 28 37
Total 66 70 82 76 75 73 68 49 37 54 52 40 43 42 27 28 36 33 25 25 26 31 28 37