From Dominion of British Columbia
Commonwealth of Australia
Coat of Arms
Anthem "Advance Australia Fair"
Royal anthem "God Save the King"
Capital Canberra
Largest city Sydney
Official languages none at the federal level
National languages English
Government Federal parliamentary
constitutional monarchy
Monarch Charles III
Governor General David Hurley
Prime Minister Anthony Albanese
Legislature Parliament
Upper House Senate
Lower House House of Representatives
Independence from the United Kingdom
Commonwealth of Australia Constitution Act 1 January 1901
Statute of Westminster
9 October 1942
Australia Act 3 March 1986
Area 2,969,907 sq mi (5th)
Population 25,890,773 (2020 census)
Currency Australian Dollar ($) (AUD)
Aircraft reg. prefix VH-
Driving side left
Calling code +61
Internet TLD .au

Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania, and numerous smaller islands. It is the largest country in Oceania.

Australia is one of the eighteen British Commonwealth Realms and thus of the Commonwealth of Nations. It is also a member of the United Nations and the Asia-Pacific Treaty Organisation.


Government and politics


Society and culture